France, Germany, Italy, and Spain are pushing the European Commission to support a “search and rescue solidarity mechanism”.
The demand looks for to feed into the commission’s prepared relaunch of a stopped working typical European asylum system at some point prior to the summertime.
Interior ministers from each of the four states bullet pointed their concepts in a two-page joint letter, seen by this website, and sent out to the European Commission previously this month.
The letter does not elaborate on the system itself, however comes in the middle of port closures in Italy and Malta, avoiding NGO boats from disembarking people saved at sea.
Since of the coronavirus,
Both countries stated their ports risky. Critics state the closures were a negative transfer to avoid more migrants from getting here.
The letter likewise reworked a German proposition, at first detailed in 2015, to overseas registration, security and medical checks, and recognition of asylum candidates.
“The European asylum agency may assist member states in the aforementioned procedures as needed,” kept in mind the letter.
The concept of screening people on the edge of the European Union has actually likewise gotten traction from the Vienna-based International Centre for Migration Policy Advancement.
In January, its director-general Michael Spindelegger informed EUobserver the concept might perhaps end the gridlock over EU- broad asylum reforms.
That gridlock is connected to the EU’s Dublin policy, which identifies who is accountable for evaluating an individual’s application for international defense.
With some 75 percent of all asylum applications lodged in just 5 EU states in 2018 and just 3 percent of cases moved to those considered accountable for the candidate, the policy has actually mostly stopped working to provide.
Commission efforts to revamp Dublin in 2016 resulted in years of stalemate in between quarreling member states who never ever handled to settle on a typical position, which is required to go into talks with the European Parliament.
Binding is back
Their Dublin reform concepts consisted of an automatic circulation of asylum-seekers throughout EU states in case of abrupt big inflows, comparable to the some one million people that got here in2015
However it was the automated element of the reform that set off a revolt amongst eastern and main European countries, led by Hungary.
The commission has actually because revealed it would bin the Dublin reform today the four ministers are proposing a variation that echoes the original objected to version.
“We advocate for a fair sharing of responsibility and a reform that must create a binding mechanism for fair distribution according to specific criteria, in particular when a member state is under disproportion pressure,” keeps in mind the letter.
Such concepts have actually currently been checked by numerous EU presidencies that looked for to bridge spaces by stabilizing principles like obligation and uniformity.
It never ever worked.
The ministers are likewise requiring countermeasures to avoid migrants and asylum candidates from leaving one EU state to go to another.
“In particular, reception services for asylum seekers should be provided exclusively by the responsible member state,” states the letter, which was resolved to EU commissioners Margaritis Schinas and Ylva Johansson.
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